The status of Italian Jews had its ups and downs through the generations. There were times when Jews were treated well by their non-Jewish neighbors and by the authorities, and there were times when restrictions, taxes, and special duties were imposed on them. In some places in Italy the Jews were ordered to wear a round yellow badge called a "Ruota Gialla" - a yellow wheel. In other places the men were ordered to wear a red hat or scarf. With the granting of full equal rights to the Jews of Italy in the middle of the 19th century, and their departure from the last surviving ghettos, the Jews also had civil obligations such as military service. Most Jews rejoiced at the opportunity to demonstrate their loyalty to the Kingdom of Italy and hurried to enlist. These Jews fought in wars and reached high positions in the army. Many of them won medals for their heroism and many fell in battle.


Every army in the world has uniforms designed for everyday use, uniforms for operational activities and ceremonial uniforms for special events. The festive uniforms of European armies are especially luxurious and often include epaulettes with gilded tassels and ribbons. The museum collection holds a set of copper epaulettes with golden tassels that formed part of the festive uniform of an officer in the Italian military. Besides the epaulettes, exhibited here is also a blue sash worn by soldiers diagonally on their chests. Another special accessory is the sword, which was given to officers even after swords ceased to be used as a weapon of war...


Soldiers and civilians who exhibited heroism or made a special contribution to the nation received medals and decorations. In Europe, there are several knightly orders, and in Italy, one of the most important is the Order of the Italian Crown, "Ordine Della Corona D'Italia". The King of Italy awarded the decoration to citizens who contributed exceptionally to the general society. The military and government awarded additional decorations.

מעיל צבאי
איטליה, 1918-1930 (?)
מתנת יצחק מינרבי, 2001
ON 1839

on 1998_1839.jpg

כובע של חייל

איטליה, המאה ה-20

בד, חוטים מוזהבים, עור, כפתורי מתכת מוזהבים

מתנת יצחק מינרבי, 2006

ON 1998

ON 1998.jpg

זוג כותפות וגדילים

איטליה, סוף המאה ה-19

נחושת ופליז

מתנת יעל שטרנטהל, 2005

1978 ON

ON 1978abcd.jpg

חרב ונדן


1976 ON

ON 1976.jpg

חרב ונדן

איטליה, ראשית המאה ה-20


מתנת יעל שטרנטל, 2005

1976 ON

גסטון סונינו במדי חייל

גסטון סונינו במדי חייל לצד ברונה פינצי (?) בחתונת אחותו לוצ'אנה רוונה, בולוניה, 1935 ארכיון משפחת רוונה, ישראל. 

סרט, חלק ממדים של חייל

איטליה, סוף המאה ה-19


מתנת יעל שטרנטל, 2005

1975 ON

ON 1975C.jpg
ON 2159.jpg

סט מדליות לקצין, מסדר הכתר האיטלקי

רומא, איטליה, סוף המאה ה-19

זהב, כסף, אֶמַיְל, סרט

מתנת ליונלה נפי מודונה וג'וספה ויטרבו, 2010

ON 2159

ON 2349.jpg

אותות כבוד שהוענקו לקאמילו ארטום

איטליה, 1920-1931

אריגים ומתכת

מתנת האגי ועדנה באראזון

ON 2349